The word Diagnose finds its origin in Greek language which means the identification of diseases caused by objective and subjective symptoms.
Oral Diagnosis is assessment of diagnosing X-rays of the patient’s mouth and performing a detailed intra-oral examination. The first objective at this stage is to identify the source of the patient’s primary complaint. In addition, the current situation of the patient should be considered as a whole and the potential problem areas that are likely to cause problems in the future should not be determined. In this way, early detection of problems and preventive therapies to be applied will prevent bigger problems in the future and will render treatment simpler and more economical.
Panoramic radiographs are an extraoral imaging technique that allows to examine all the teeth in the mouth, the buried teeth, the bone tissue surrounding teeth, the entire jaw bone, the physiological and pathological cavities in the mouth and the joints in one shot and within the same image. It is especially used in simple oral procedures such as buried tooth extraction, resection, small cysts or small number of implants. The visualization of all teeth at one time allows the doctor to perform a general evaluation while providing less radiation to the patient compared to the serial periapical shots.
Dijital Radiographies (RVG)
Negative radiology techniques used in the past years showed many disadvantages such as loss of time in the bath stage as well as chemicals inside the bath solution and harm caused to environment caused by X-ray radiographies due to the lead it contains. In addition, radiographies in this technique could be easily damaged in this technique.
In this way, the images obtained of the X-ray can be seen immediately on the computer screen, also the desired color settings on these images, enlarge-reduction operations and measurements can be made.
In this technique, the radiation exposure of the patient is significantly reduced.Moreover, it is an important advantage that the images can be stored in the patient’s file in a computerized environment or can be shared on the internet when necessary.
Computerized Tomography (CT)
It is a three-dimensional tomographic imaging technique used in cases where traditional oral and extra-oral imaging techniques for cases such as large cysts, tumors and multiple implant applications are inadequate. Contrary to the other two-dimensional techniques, this method can also be taken from the mouth region cross-sections and by this means the neighboring tissues of the teeth or pathological formations can be examined in 3 planes.Especially in cases where a large number of implants will be applied, horizontal bone thickness, location of the sinus cavities and the route of the vessels and nerves can be determined precisely.
Another advantage of this method is the possible that offers to prepare working models or guide plates for the desired regions before surgical operation by using a combination with rapid prototyping method. This considerably minimizes the risk of surgical procedures.