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It is a branch of dentistry that regulates the relationship between perplexed teeth and incompatible jaws with the help of a set of apparatus. Dentists who undertake orthodontic treatment are called orthodontists. Orthodontic treatment is applied during the period of deciduous teeth, and problems that arise due to habits such as finger sucking and lip eating during this period are eliminated.
With orthodontic treatment, permanent defects in the skeletal structure of the jaw are prevented. Mixed dentition is also within the scope of orthodontics. During this period, both milk teeth and permanent teeth are found in the mouth. In case of early loss of milk teeth and not being able to guide the permanent tooth coming from below, space restrictions occur. Orthodontics deals with the elimination of these places. At the same time, jaw development continues during this period.
Incompatibility between the jaws, which occurs as a result of the development of the lower and upper jaws not being compatible with each other, is also within the scope of orthodontics. During the permanent teeth period, orthodontics deals with the correction of defects in the tooth rows. Orthodontics also include the treatment of irregularities due to gingival diseases and the treatment of congenitally missing or subsequently lost teeth.
Orthodontic treatment is divided into two as fixed and removable orthodontic treatment according to the method of application:
- Fixed Orthodontic Treatment:
Fixed orthodontic treatment, as the name suggests, is an orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances that the patient cannot remove. In fixed orthodontic treatment, a corrugated metal (porcelain brackets are also used today), which is called a bracket, is attached to the teeth. A wire passes through this groove. This wire is changed every 4-6 weeks.
- Movable Orthodontic Treatment:
Removable orthodontic treatment is an orthodontic treatment using appliances that the patient can put on and remove himself. Removable orthodontic treatment is mostly applied to children between the ages of 6-12. In some cases, both fixed and mobile orthodontic treatment may be required.
Things to Consider During Orthodontic Treatment
Before starting orthodontic treatment, all decays and gum diseases in the mouth should be treated. Regardless of whether it is fixed orthodontic treatment or removable orthodontic treatment, attention should be paid to oral hygiene during orthodontic treatment. If a removable orthodontic appliance is used, the appliance should be removed after meals and the teeth should be brushed. The same amount of attention should be paid to the hygiene of the orthodontic appliance.
Brackets used in fixed orthodontic treatment are very suitable areas for the accumulation of food residues. Therefore, using orthodontic toothbrushes after meals, food residues between the braces and braces are carefully cleaned. If oral hygiene is not observed, it is inevitable that caries and gum problems occur during orthodontic treatment.
Orthodontic treatment is a long-lasting treatment and there are monthly controls. For this reason, the person should be willing for orthodontic treatment and should not delay their appointments. When a break, rupture or dislocation occurs in the orthodontic appliance used in any way, it is necessary to consult an orthodontist without losing time, as the treatment may be adversely affected.
Reinforcement treatment is very important in orthodontic treatment. Reinforcement therapy must be followed in order to maintain the position of the teeth.